Natural is impossible to brew a delicious beer without hops. This plant gives the drink a light bitterness. Foamy acquires a characteristic flavor due to lupulin-a substance, the source of which it acts. The aroma also depends on the quality and type of vegetable ingredient. Hop varieties differ in the number of essential oils, which affects the characteristics of the foamy. Today there are many varieties of this raw material. Every brewer interested in getting a delicious drink that will be in demand is obliged to understand the varieties to choose the right hops for beer. Know the features of the ingredient is useful for foamy lovers. Information from this article will help you choose a drink that will be pleasant to the taste.
About what is hops, what it is used for, said above. However, not all flowering plants of the Hemp family are suitable for foamy brewing. It is important to properly collect and prepare raw materials. The color and degree of maturity of hop cones are important. Quality plant from which produce hop, very easy to check without the use of any equipment. Experienced brewers do the following: RUB the cones in the palms, analyze the color and aroma of the resin. If the validation process formed a yellow-green substance with a pleasant smell, so you can use the product for the preparation of the foamy drink. The absence of resin suggests otherwise.
Important: for hopping preferably use a plant of one year of age.
Does the processing and storage of hops affect the quality of the foamy? Yes, it is not enough to grow a plant with fragrant resins. If you do not adhere to the rules of storage, the smell will disappear, the color will change. In addition, you need time to collect hops. Do it better in late August and early September. After collecting the cones should be well dried. In this case, they will not lose their natural rich flavor. Do it in furnaces throughout the day, adhering to a certain temperature. After the drying process, the raw material for beer is stored in a dry room with a moderate level of humidity. With the appearance of veins of dark shades, it becomes unusable. The optimal shelf life of cones-3 years.
Picking up the hops extract for foamy, brewers primarily look at the technology of its removal. Depending on the technology of removal, the variety is determined. Plants are classified into two large groups: regional and breeding. First collected in a particular area, which has long cultivated culture, the second is obtained by crossing certain species. This is occupied by experienced breeders who know how to choose the right plants for a new decent product.
There is another classification. According to the type of rod plant species can be as follows:
Plants of the first group differ from others in growth rate. Choosing them, you will be able to get a good harvest of beer ingredient in a short time. However, it is necessary to take into account the following feature of the red cones: in case of an untimely collection, the number of lupulin decreases rapidly.
Now about green varieties. They ripen much later than the red cones while having a more intense pungent smell. However, they are not superior in quality, inferior in agrotechnical characteristics. Recently, green varieties began to grow less and less. Brewers mainly bought red and polocrosse cones. Great demand “Ustecky” and “early” varieties. By the way, plants of semi-early varieties are not taken as the main ingredient. They are auxiliary additives.
Let’s mention the forms of hops. There are the following varieties: thin, medium, coarse. The first type is also called selective, it has an enviable taste. Therefore, to get a good “live” drink must be chosen exactly this type.
“Zhatetsky hops” – one of the most popular varieties, which was first appreciated by the Czechs in the XVI century. He likes most brewers, as it makes the drink soft to the taste, gives it a pleasant aroma and spicy notes. Today in the Czech Republic it is produced in large quantities. At the same time grown in a certain area. “Zhatetsky”, which Ukrainians manage to collect, is no longer considered as such. It has several other characteristics.
The top “Popular varieties of hops” also includes “Magnum”. It has appeared much later than the mentioned above ”competitor“ as a result of crossing the German wild raw materials with ”Galen”. It happened at the end of the 20th century.
“Magnum” is differing in:
“Magnum” is used as an additive, as well as no less popular “Pearl”. However, the properties of these varieties are radically different. Choose hops for beer “Pearl” is those brewers who want to give the product herbal flavor and spicy aroma. If you want to add a citrus shade and woody-earthy bitterness, use “Northern Brewer”.
Each of the described bases for beer is not cheap. However, brewers make a choice in their favor to eventually get a delicious live foamy. The company “Umanpivo” take raw materials of its own production, through which the products with unique taste characteristics corresponding to GOST.